Chic’s definition, history of French design
The fact that most terms of fashion and chic, a la mode, en vogue, haute couture, pret-a-porter are rooted in French is not a coincidence.
Designers such as Coco Chanel, Christian Dior, Yves Saint Laurent, Hubert de Givenchy and Lanvin Jeanne were pioneers of the fashion industry, transforming even the most functional garments into true works of art in their wards in Paris.
I thought i should follow some of these geniuses of fashion design starting with a picture of Coco Chanel in youth.
Dezvoltarea look-ului Chanel
Gabrielle Bonheur “Coco” Chanel is already opened boutiques in France when these sketches were published in the journal “Les elegances” in March 1917. It was inspired by men’s fashion, especially in blazers worn by her lover, player English polo Arthur Edward “Boy” Capel.
Costumes imagined here and found inspiration in those jackets and were made of a knitted material traditionally used for making men’s underwear.
Coco in 1929
The designer is the embodiment of elegance effortlessly in front of her house.
Considered the creator of modern sports articles, articles made Chanel modern, comfortable airy material, basically freeing women from corsets and other uncomfortable elements. Besides these aspects outfits they smelled delicious as it has created its own flavor, the famous perfume Chanel no. 5 in 1921 (a few decades later Marilyn Monroe declare that this scent is all gate in bed).
Finishes in 1959
Another milestone in his career was Chanel little black dresses debut (the little black dress) in 1926, the American edition of Vogue. Simple dress, knee-length magazine was called “a kind of uniform for every woman with style.”
Seen Coco elevated working on a version of the LBD in his house of fashion in Paris in 1959. At this stage Chanel is in the midst of a comeback after a temporary closure of the business for the duration of the Second World War.
An American fan of Chanel
During the presidential campaign of her husband, Jackie Kennedy was criticized for her love of French fashion, but Europeans have adored the taste for elegance and Chanel suits.
This is shown in London, a visit spellbinding British queen.
Coco Chanel: 1883-1971
Design legend died in 1971, but her legacy lives on through Chanel (now headed by Karl Lagerfeld, another giant of his generation). Her life was chronicled fascinating both on stage and on screen, and actresses such as Katherine Hepburn, Shirley MacLaine and Audrey Tautou have tried to capture that “je ne sais quoi”.
Christian Dior and “New Look”
Frenchman poses with some mannequins that bears his creations in 1948. The year before Harper’s Bazaar dubbed her debut collection, consisting of dresses made of rich fabrics in flattering silhouettes, “New Look”.
Dior “raise” volume
Dior (left) inspects a red dress who, like most of his outfits accentuate forms of a woman corset style upper hand with a flared bottom.
The folds and petticoats of Dior
In his brief reign in fashion, Dior died 10 years after the release of his debut collection, LIFE magazine watched him work in fashion, choosing an outfit for the cover a designer’s about collections from Paris in the spring of 1951.
Christian Dior in his element
Designer poses in his studio in 1947, his debut year. Although his death (in October 1957 due to a heart attack) shocked the fashion world is already assured survive Dior brand. With just two months before he died Dior named his successor, a young talent known as Yves Saint Laurent.
Yves Saint Laurent talent under Pressure
In the picture we can track the bespectacled Saint Laurent at the age of 21 years, sketching on a board workshop held fashion house Dior in Paris, in November 1957.
Christian Dior hired him as an assistant in 1954 after he studied the drawings in a contest of fashion and realized that the young man has an aesthetic feel like it.
Amazing on his own
In the main house quality designer Dior, Saint Laurent became a sensation with his first collection, is remembered for his “trapeze dress” (a garment with narrow shoulders and a slight flare at the bottom).
However critics were not as lenient with his next collections, in addition has had and other obstacles that have threatened his career, including the fact that he was drafted into the French army and suffered a depression.
But by 1961, he managed to rebound, sued Dior for his dismissal and won and has opened his own fashion house Yves Saint Laurent, Pierre Berge as his partner.
Saint Laurent’s tuxedo
One of his biggest contributions was smoking but the androgynous glam at the same time. Costume women who would become his song specify.
Ready to Wear become popular
With the opening of the Paris Rive Gauche boutique in 1966, Saint Laurent became the first couture designer who sold ready-to-wear clothing.
Jeanne Lanvin, genius details
Influential designer in Paris poses in this undated image. It was revealed in the ’20s and’ 30s and was known for skillful use of details like beads, embroidery, and other finishing elements that made special clothes.
At a trial in 1920
Lanvin help build a stylish look in Paris. Designer CPC and began his career as a hatter and evolved to design dresses for women and girls in 1909.
Later followed furs, decorations, items, men’s and fragrances.
Lanvin in full glow
Jeanne Lanvin died in 1946, but the business that he founded continues to flourish. It is the oldest Parisian fashion house which is still functional.
The picture shows a mannequin in a voluminous dress with beads 1951 Castillo created for Lanvin fashion house.
Coats fur fashion house Lanvin in 1960.
Military or details of Lanvin in 1968.
Hubert de Givenchy was born in art
A nobleman’s son, Hubert de Givenchy was exposed to the art world at a young age, great-great grandfather was the scene designer at the Paris Opera and other relatives created its luxurious upholstery.
Having worked with Elsa Schiaparelli Italian designer, Givenchy opened his own fashion house on a tight budget, LIFE magazine in 1952 published his first collection, considering it extremely elegant, despite the fact that the presentation was in cramped rooms ready so that ironing clothes had to be done in the bathroom.
A picture of Givenchy before presentation.
Full of fresh ideas
LIFE wrote that “Although the first collection of Givency was not influenced by American ideas, it will definitely have success in America. Youthful and fresh ideas that focus on separate elements and accessories will be attractive to Americans. ”
The most famous client of Givenchy
Givenchy is best known as the man who dressed her biggest style icon of Hollywood: Audrey Hepburn. Divine outfits from Sabrina and Breakfast at Tiffany’s were all created by him.
Hepburn wearing Givenchy Holly Golightly in his role.
Designer and good friend Audrey was in the 80s. “My mother used to say that if it were not homosexual sure would be intertwined something between them,” Hepburn once declared his son, Sean Ferrer.
Pierre Cardin, the future vision
Cardin was born in Italy but moved to Paris to launch his career in 1945. Like Givenchy, and he worked with Elsa Schiaparelli designer and avant-garde upon his influence was most evident. His work was filled with strange shapes and futuristic designs.
Cardin sketching in 1958
Coats and hats Cardin 1959
While Dior has encouraged highlight feminine shapes, many of Cardin’s creations were bulky, bold and unisex, it forms using layers to focusing step.
Pretty in pink
1962 Cardin’s collection, a hat and a pink chiffon blouse matching.
“I was lucky to have made a valuable part of the postwar period when everything had to be rebuilt,” he once said Cardin.
Models wearing creations in 1968. In this period the designer to play with geometric shapes and influences the Space Age.
Pierre Balmain: all about shine
Balmain seeks a portfolio in his fashion house in Paris in 1965. His passion for fashion was an heirloom. He worked together for Christian Dior designer Lucien Lelong, before they launch on their own.
Sexy and slender silhouettes
Actress Carroll Baker in a Balmain dress molded shining in London in 1964. The designer has dressed many actors for numerous roles in movies, Sophia Loren in The Millionairess or Brigitte Bardot in And God Created Woman.
Balmain studying a mannequin 1951
Jean-Paul Gaultier, new school
The designer has stood out, appropriately, full of excesses during the 80s after he polished skills working for Pierre Cardin. His collections were playful and shocking, often inspired by pop culture.
Gaultier wearing a blonde wig at a party in the club Palladium in New York in 1987.
Eccentric collection of Gaultier 1987
2 outfits from the collection of designer in 1987. Gaultier is known for its design limit that you used in his collections for men. In 1985, the designer presented skirts for men.
Perhaps among the most famous works of Gaultier’s costumes include Madonna’s 1990 tour made for “Blonde Ambition”.
Christian Lacroix and “Le Pouf”
The designer is surrounded by mannequins dressed in its party dresses specific “le pouf” in 1987. Lacroix was named that year’s most influential designer Strain by the American Board of Fashion.
Multiple references various
Designer’s aspiration to become a museum curator was apparent in this outfit from his collection of haute couture autumn / winter 87/88: a Spanish-style ensemble consisting of a black embroidered jacket worn over a dress and a hat Castiliana balloon.